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澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑屋顶这么多

?? 日期:2019-09-09???? 浏览:0????评论:0????
核心提示:中国澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑是个神奇的存在,模样纷繁复杂,大家都很熟悉,但是好像又都很陌生,每当看到一个不认识的屋顶,你也会说这是——大屋顶?
?中国澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑是个神奇的存在

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">模样纷繁复杂

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">大家都很熟悉

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">但是好像又都很陌生

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">每当看到一个不认识的屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">你也会说这是——大屋顶
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">还是——?小屋顶
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">那这看着不一样

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">却又有点像的澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">到底怎么分呢?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">这次

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">我们来数一数这些澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑的屋顶!
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">一 什么是屋顶

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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑的屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">往往是我们对一座澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑最直接的印象

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">比如说到天坛

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">你脑子里肯定会出现一个轮廓

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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">解释屋顶是什么之前,我们得知道

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑基本分为三部分

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">台基 屋身 屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">你可以理解成一个人戴着帽子

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">屋顶就是人的帽子

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">▼
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">其次你要记住这三个部位

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">山墙 屋面 屋脊
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">二?你肯定见过的屋顶们

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">我们的生活中

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">有些屋顶是你肯定见过的

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">他们是最为常见的几种屋顶样式

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">01 庑(wǔ)殿顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">颜 值 要 点
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">庑殿顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">有五条脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">一条正脊和四条垂脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">前后左右共四个坡面

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">出 身 要 点

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">根据资料记载

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">庑殿顶其实早在殷商时代就有

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">但唐中期以前的庑殿顶具体结构现已不可考

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">晚唐以后有实例可查

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">这时候的庑殿顶屋面曲线平缓

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">正脊较短

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">正脊两端的鸱吻是鸱形象

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">而不是鸱

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">比如梁思成林徽发现的佛光寺东大殿
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">唐 佛光寺东大殿(模型)

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">宋代叫作“吴殿顶”

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">也叫“四阿殿顶”

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">(“阿”是建筑屋顶的曲檐

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">“四阿”就是四面坡式的曲檐屋顶)

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">明清时期

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">改称“庑殿顶”

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">现在我们看到的很多庑殿顶建筑都是明清时期的

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">比如 驰名世界的 故宫太和殿

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">委 以 重 任

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">最尊贵的建筑才可以使用庑殿顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">宫殿和庙宇的殿堂较多

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">太和殿的重檐庑殿顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">就是中国澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌屋顶中的最高级

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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">故宫 太和殿

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">歇山顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">02

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">颜 值 要 点
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">歇山顶有

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">九条脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">一条正脊、四条垂脊和四条戗(qiàng)脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">前后左右也有四个坡面

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">左右两个坡面比庑殿顶的要低

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">名字记不住?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">一个人要爬屋顶这座山

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">爬了一半山坡非常累

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">歇了一会以后

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">速度直线上升立刻就到了山顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">于是这座山叫 歇山顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">小知识

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">戗脊就是屋顶最边缘分岔的那四条比较短的脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">山花就是歇山顶左右两侧与坡面衔接的三角形区域

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">(具体可参考上图)

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">出 身 要 点

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">根据文献和资料显示

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">此屋顶最早见于汉阙石刻

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">当时的歇山顶较小

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">一直发展到唐代就开始有点像如今的模样了

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">我国现存最早的唐代建筑——南禅寺大殿

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">就是一座唐代歇山顶建筑
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">唐 南禅寺大殿

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">清代之前叫“曹殿” “汉殿” “厦两头造”等名

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">明清时期

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">官方建筑开始出现大歇山

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">“歇山”这一叫法也在清代开始

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">委 以 重 任

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">歇山式比庑殿顶低一个等级

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">一般在仅次于庑殿顶等级的建筑上

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">宫殿和庙宇中的大殿使用较多

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">如大家都爱的北京天安门

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">就是?重檐 歇山顶
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">故宫 天安门

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">小知识

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">重檐 就是两层或两层以上的屋檐,一般来说,重檐大多是指在一层建筑上有两层或两层以上的屋檐。重檐屋顶的“重檐”,可以是上下屋檐平面相同的,也可以是上下屋檐平面不同的。

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">03

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">悬山顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">颜 值 要 点
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">悬山顶有

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">五条脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">一条正脊和四条垂脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">前后两个坡面

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">它的特点在于

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">屋顶的大山两侧超出山墙

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">屋顶两侧悬在山墙外

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">因此得名“悬山顶”

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">(有时被称“挑山顶”)

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">出 身 要 点

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">悬山顶是两面坡屋顶的早期做法

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">宋朝时称“不厦两头造”

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">清朝称“悬山” “挑山” “出山”

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">中国古代的重要建筑基本没有使用悬山式屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">特别是唐代以前尤为少见

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">委 以 重 任

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">悬山建筑等级较歇山建筑低

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">在庙宇、宫殿建筑群中

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">用于附属建筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">多用于民间建筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">因其有利于防雨所以在南方民居更为普遍
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">山西 龙门寺西配殿
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">山西 佛光寺文殊殿

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">小知识

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">博缝板?悬山建筑悬在外的檩木,会受到雨水侵蚀,腐朽加速,因此出现了博缝(风)板这块木头。挑出的檩木端头用博缝板挡起来,暴露的木头得以掩盖和保护。博缝板长随椽长,按步架分块,随屋面举折安装,成弯曲的形状。

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">硬山顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">04

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">颜 值 要 点

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">硬山顶有

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">五条脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">一条正脊、四条垂脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">前后两个坡面

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">左右两侧的山墙与屋面直接相交

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">将所有内部梁架檩木包住

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">记不住的话就说屋顶与山墙生硬交接

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">所以叫硬山顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">出 身 要 点

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">宋代建筑巨着《营造法式》一书中

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">没有关于硬山顶的记载

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">现也无存宋代有硬山顶建筑遗物

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">由此可推断

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">宋代及以前并没有硬山顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">明、清时期开始

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">硬山顶开始广泛出现

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">委 以 重 任

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">这是澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑中最普遍的屋顶样式

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">住宅、园林、寺庙都大量存在
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">沈阳故宫 清宁宫
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">山西 王家大院

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">05

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">攒尖顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">颜 值 要 点
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">攒尖顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">顶端为尖,上有宝顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">没有正脊,其他脊的数量随建筑墙平面边数各有不同

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">如圆攒尖、四角攒尖、六角攒尖、八角攒尖

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">等等等等

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">出 身 要 点

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">原始社会的北方建筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">已经有了攒尖顶的雏形
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">半地穴

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">攒尖顶在汉代已经出现

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">宋代叫“斗尖顶”

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">明清时代的建筑物中较多见

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">委 以 重 任

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">在攒尖顶在等级较高的建筑中可见

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">如

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">北京故宫的中和殿

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">天坛祈年殿等几座
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">故宫 中和殿
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">天坛 祈年殿

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">但在亭、阁、塔类建筑较为多见

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">大家最熟悉的就是亭子

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">如中国最大的亭子

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">北京颐和园廓如亭

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">就是个重檐的八角攒尖顶
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">颐和园 廓如亭

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">卷棚顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">06

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">颜 值 要 点

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">卷棚顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">没有正脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">因其正脊处是弧线形的曲面而得名

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">其他位置因屋顶样式不同

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">可以是卷棚歇山顶、卷棚硬山顶、卷棚悬山顶等

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">委 以 重 任

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">卷棚顶出现在宫廷、寺院一般是附属建筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">我们常见的是在园林中的亭、轩、廊、榭等

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">如北京颐和园中的谐趣园

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">屋顶形式基本全部为卷棚顶
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">颐和园 谐趣园建筑群

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">小知识:屋顶的等级序列

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">庑殿式>歇山式>悬山式>硬山式?卷棚顶与攒尖顶经常见于园林中,但也有故宫中和殿此类例外,因此此处不讨论卷棚顶与攒尖顶等级。

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">重檐>单檐?重檐顶等级高于单檐顶。

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">三 较为少见的屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">扇面顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">扇面顶就是扇面形状的屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">前后檐都是弧形

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">且弧线前短后长

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">后檐大于前檐

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">一般都是小型建筑
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">拙政园 与谁同坐轩

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">盔顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">“盔顶”因形象类似战士头盔而得名

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">顶和脊大部分为凸出弧线

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">屋顶最高处中心为宝顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">像是头盔上插的缨穗或帽翎

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">盔顶现存并不多

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">而你最耳熟的 岳阳楼 就是一个
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">岳阳楼

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">盝[lù]顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">盝顶较难见到

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">是坡屋顶家族里的平屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">有四条正脊围成平顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">四面再接坡面

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">四角各有一条垂脊向下斜伸

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">盝顶在金、元时期比较常用

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">元大都房屋多为盝顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">明、清两代也有很多盝顶建筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">如明代时期故宫钦安殿

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">清代瀛台的翔鸾阁

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">以及现在先农坛的井亭
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">先农坛 神厨井亭

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">穹隆顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">穹窿”指天空

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">也指高成形的建筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">外观像是倒扣的球形或多边形

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">所以也被称作“圆顶"

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">常见的伊斯兰建筑多为

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">就是穹隆顶
seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93);">

?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">新疆 阿巴伙加玛扎墓(阿巴和加麻札墓)

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">藏族平顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">藏式屋顶均为平屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">四周多用边玛草砌筑起的边玛墙围合

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">平屋顶多用土石材料修筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">《旧唐书 吐蕃上》记载

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">“国都城号为罗些城,屋皆平头“

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">可见在吐蕃时期平屋顶已经是常态了
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">藏区民居
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?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">拉萨 布达拉宫

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">?

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">环形屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">福建民居中的圆寨

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">就是环形屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">也就是大家熟悉的土楼建筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">(环形屋顶只是土楼的一种,其次还有方形等)

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">土楼是基于福建客家人为防止侵袭而建造的聚居建筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">对外封闭、对外开放

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">通常还会出现同心圆式的诸多环形屋顶
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">福建裕昌楼
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">四 屋顶开会

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">方胜亭

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">方胜一词指双菱形

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">两个方形相叠的亭子即为方胜亭

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">屋顶为两个四角攒尖顶相交形成
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">勾连搭屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">这种屋顶形式

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">在屋身和台基不变的情况下

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">屋顶更富于变化

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">勾连搭屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">也成为了巧妙解决澳门356bet下载_356bet官方投注_356bet线上棋牌筑空间扩大的方法

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">在需要大空间的建筑上多采用勾连搭

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">如汉地的伊斯兰礼拜堂多是勾连搭
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">“卐”(万)字顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">“卐”字纹是我国古代装饰中的一种纹样

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">“卐”读作“万”

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">代表“万事如意”、“万寿无疆”等

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">有一些建筑的平面和屋顶也采用“卐”字形

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">北京圆明园中的”万方安和“就是采用的万字顶
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">藏汉结合屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">将藏式平顶与汉式各类屋顶结合

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">是藏汉文化交流的实证

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">北京香山昭庙

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">承德小布达拉宫——

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">普陀宗盛之庙

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">即为代表

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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">故宫午门组合屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">午门是紫禁城的正门

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">五座主要建筑呈五峰凸起状

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">故俗称“五凤楼

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">正中的门楼为重檐庑殿顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">东西各一庑殿顶的庑房

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">环抱的城台四角

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">各有一个重檐攒尖亭

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">中间还有两处两面坡连廊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">所以整个午门的屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">其实是很多基础屋顶的组合体
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seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">故宫角楼组合屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">故宫角楼组合屋顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">故宫角楼

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">是公认的屋顶最为精美的建筑之一

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">是一座四面凸字平面组合的多角建筑

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">屋顶可分为三层

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">上层为两个十字交叉的歇山顶

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">中层为四个不完全的重檐歇山顶交接

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">下层檐为一环半坡顶的腰檐

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">使上两层的屋顶形成一个复合式的整体

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">整个角楼有10个山花、28个屋角、72条脊

seline; word-break: break-word; color: rgb(93, 93, 93); text-indent: 0px; text-align: center;">故宫角楼体现了我国古代工匠的高超技艺!
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